A commitment to social justice in which employees and farmers are treated and paid fairly, sustainable environmental practices are followed and long-term trade relationships are fostered. A term used to describe a social-responsibility movement demanding that producers receive fair prices for their products; also used to describe products that are made by these producers.
Forest Management (FM) Certificate
Forest management certification involves an inspection of the forest management unit by an independent FSC-accredited certification body to check that the forest complies with the internationally-agreed FSC Principles of Responsible Forest Management.
If the forest complies with FSC standards, then the FSC accredited certification body issues a certificate for the operation. Certified forest operations can claim the forest products they produce come from a responsibly managed forest. Before a certified forest operation can sell their products as FSC certified, they must also obtain chain of custody certification (FM/COC).
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Certified
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international organization that brings people together to find solutions that promote responsible stewardship of the world’s forests. There are two types of FSC certificates available from certification bodies: Forest Management (FM) Certificate and Chain of Custody (COC) Certificate.
Ideal Solution Paralysis
State of indecision on how to address current environmental and social challenges in which individuals and companies decide to wait until they can afford -or believe that they will be able to implement- theoretically perfect solutions.
Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)
An examination, like an audit, of the total impact of a product or service’s manufacturing, use, and disposal in terms of material and energy. This includes an analysis and inventory of all parts, materials, and energy, and their impacts in the manufacturing of a product but usually doesn’t include social impacts.
The act of consuming goods to satisfy needs in a manner which incentivizes economic, scientific and cultural progress towards reducing or eliminating the impact of the consumed goods.
Is a type of waste produced by the end consumer of a material stream; that is, where the waste-producing use did not involve the production of another product.
Is the reintroduction of manufacturing scrap (such as trimmings from paper production, defective aluminum cans, etc.) back into the manufacturing process. Pre-consumer waste is commonly used in manufacturing industries, and is often not considered recycling in the traditional sense.
Products that educate their users about their origins, manufacturing processes, recycling, re-use or safe disposal through their design and user experience.
A natural resource qualifies as a renewable resource if it is replenished by natural processes at a rate comparable or faster than its rate of consumption by humans or other users. Resources such as solar radiation, tides, and winds are perpetual resources that are in no danger of being used in excess of their long-term availability.
Philosophy of fostering awareness and the adoption of sustainability through design and desire. Surprise and delight that engages customers on beauty and function rather than guilt and fear.
Design detail that completes a product or makes it stand out and attracts the eye of the user, exciting them about the design. Brightly colored stripes, a beautifully crafted piece of hardware or special textures are all good examples of a Snack Factor.
Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)
Are organic chemical compounds that have high enough vapor pressures under normal conditions to significantly vaporize and enter the atmosphere. A wide range of carbon-based molecules, such as aldehydes, ketones, and other light hydrocarbons are VOCs. VOCs are sometimes accidentally released into the environment, where they can damage soil and groundwater. Vapors of VOCs escaping into the air contribute to air pollution. Many VOCs found around the house, such as paint strippers and wood preservatives, contribute to sick building syndrome because of their high vapor pressure. VOC’s are often used in paint, carpet backing, plastics, and cosmetics. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has found concentrations of VOCs in indoor air to be 2 to 5 times greater than in outdoor air. During certain activities indoor levels of VOCs may reach 1,000 times that of the outside air. Not all organic compounds are volatile; many plastics (polymers) and other large molecules may not have significant vapor pressure at normal temperatures.